Log in, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window). They're also some of the oldest plants on earth. One problem that some people have when they plant herbaceous ferns in their garden is remembering where they are, as they will die back completely to the roots. Saved by Julie Scardina Nearly all ferns grow best in moist but well-drained soil, though some will thrive in dry shade. Asparagus Fern Facts. Normally displayed in a hanging basket on the porch in the summer and brought inside to improve the appearance and air quality of a home during the winter, the asparagus fern will provide the best foliage growth when it is placed in a shady spot. Plants can tolerate dry soil conditions better than most other ferns. Mixed plantings of ferns by themselves or with other foliage plants can be an appealing mix of textures. Even though ferns are incredibly forgiving and will generally be able to survive without a lot of care after they are established, they do take a little bit more work at first to ensure that they are going to grow as well as possible. While this plant can be grown inside, it is difficult to provide it with the humidity that it needs to thrive, but homeowners love that they can harvest fiddleheads from the fern for their meals as a special treat. Because this plant grows in large clumps and produces very tall and arching fronds, it is reminiscent of an ostrich’s tail features, from which it gets its name. They are deciduous and prefer filtered light. Make sure that you mulch the fern regularly and water it during dry periods, especially if the fronds begin to droop or start to look a little dry. The plants prefer bright sunlight, and are likely to die if kept where temperatures dip below 50°F (10°C) for any length of time. Make sure that there is enough room for the plant to reach its full size, which can be up to six feet tall with a three-foot spread. They can be planted close together in the garden to form a backdrop for other flowers or they will help to improve the appearance of swampy areas in your yard when planted a few feet apart from each other for the most possible impact. There is a fern appropriate for every spot in your garden: sun, deep shade, wet or dry soils, rock gardens and even mounted on the trunks of trees. Fossil records trace back all the way to 360 million years ago during the late Devonian period. The plant will store chlorophyll, which will ensure that in the spring it will be able to produce fresh new growth. By hanging the plant on the wall in this way, you won’t have to worry about it outgrowing its pot or how you are going to provide the care that it needs. Because this fern doesn’t get much higher than one foot tall or wide, you never have to worry about it taking over your home. Ferns are a very ancient family of plants: early fern fossils predate the beginning of the Mesozoic era, 360 million years ago. List of Fern Varieties. Fern or Polypodiopsida, are belong to a group of vascular plants.This plant has no flower and seed but possesses spores to reproduce. This type of fern is a very popular houseplant and is enjoyed so much partially because of the interesting shape of the leaves and the way that the fronds hang and move. There are a number of species of these tree ferns such as the ‘Rough Tree fern (Alsophila australis), the ‘Lacy Tree fern’ (Sphaeropteris cooperi), or the ‘Soft Tree fern’ (Dicksonia antarctica). Dappled sun that reaches the plants for … If you grow your bird’s nest fern in more light, then it will have crinkled fronds, while ones that don’t get as much light will have fronds that are flattened. Unusual for a fern, the fronds are undivided, giving the plant a … When you choose the right fern for your growing conditions, you will have a head start on your plant is able to survive for as long as possible. This fern may not, at first glance, even look like a fern, since the fronds are not airy and feathery, but rather thicker and look much more like elongated leaves than fronds. Additionally, since ferns like to have a little extra moisture when compared to other houseplants, keep them in a plastic pot instead of moving them to a clay pot, as this will help them to retain moisture. It’s a good idea to amend the soil with compost before even attempting to plant a Japanese painted fern so that the plant will have the best chance of thriving. These ferns are a great way to create a stunning backdrop for other plants in your garden and grow up to six feet tall when well established and cared for. Types of Ferns. While ferns may grow wild around your home in the woods, transplanting one to your garden or picking up a new fern from the store to line your path can result in it dying. Native to southern Africa, three species of plants are called "asparagus ferns." Can grow half or fully submerged in water, and has a slow growth rate. Of course, as with any fern, an overabundance of light will cause your fern to yellow and can eventually kill the entire plant. Java Fern. They grow in all sizes. Button fern (Pellaea rotundifolia) Another option perfect for fern lovers not able to provide a lot of humidity or the moist soil most other fern species need (or at least appreciate). Office Plants Office Types. Like the sporophytes of seed plants, those of ferns consist of stems, leaves and roots. Because the plant doesn’t need as much sunlight as other ferns, you can easily grow it inside without worrying about stunting its growth or causing it any damage. Ferns can be found nearly worldwide and more than 9,000 extant species are known to science. It is also known as the Japanese holly fern. Generally, it’s best to repot every 2-3 years or when it appears to become unbalanced on its current platform. Lady Fern (Athyrium filix-femina) Lady Fern is easy to grow and thrive in moist, well-drained soil. More than 20,000 known species of ferns grow around the world. Regular pruning is important to keep the plant looking healthy and to ensure that there is enough new growth each year. The following photos will allow you to identify ferns. These ferns will rot quickly when watered excessively, which is why mounting them is such a great idea. Saved from s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com. This board is dedicated to all the different varieties in types of fern. Make sure that you plant your new cinnamon ferns after your last expected frost so that the cold doesn’t kill them. Ferns for Indoors Fern Type Plants. When the asparagus fern is happy and healthy, it will produce small red berries that can be planted to easily propagate the plant. Make sure that you take time in the fall to prune back any fronds that are browning and keep the soil moist, especially during the dry season or in the summer when the fern may be susceptible to hot temperatures and dry ground. They will remain standing even after the taller fronds have all died back for the winter. The dusky green of the leaves combined with their interesting design makes this plant one to consider. This is one of the most popular ferns to be used as a houseplant and is commonly seen on front porches in the late spring through the early fall. Ferns are vascular plants from the Pteridophyta division and have about 10,560 different species. Not exactly a houseplant as it is popular as an aquarium plant, there are various leaf shapes available, like ‘lance’, ‘needle’, and ‘trident’. 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