Akbar, in full Abū al-Fatḥ Jalāl al-Dīn Muḥammad Akbar, (born October 15?, 1542, Umarkot [now in Sindh province, Pakistan]—died c. October 25, 1605, Agra, India), the greatest of the Mughal emperors of India. Scribd is the world's largest social reading and publishing site. ... providing jobs in administration . Jagirdari lands were also brought under this system, the record, of the quality of land, its produce and revenue prices and others were also fixed under this system, this also provided basis on which Dahsala system was introduced. Akbar’s administrative system can be grouped under two heads: Central Administration Provincial Administration Another Afghan contender to the throne, Muhammed Adil was killed in a battle the same year. They did not confine themselves to the exposition of their own beliefs, but reviled Islam and the Prophet in unrestrained language. Akbar's administrative policies were mentioned in Abul Fazl's book the Akbar Nama, particularly in its third and last volume, the Ain-i Akbari In the book Abul Fazl explained that the empire was divided into provinces known as Subas, governed by a Subadar. He appointed ten senior officials prepared as estimate of the total revenue which was called Hal-i-Hasil. His reign can be divided into three periods. Download full-text PDF Read full-text. Nevertheless, Akbar was not the first Muslim ruler in the sub-continent who showed religious tolerance towards his subjects. Hemu’s relatives were captured and imprisoned by Bairam Khan. Zabt And Zamindars - The Mughal Empire, CBSE Class 7 SST History, https://edurev.in/question/859644/Needed-a-Document-for-akhbars-policies-Related-Zab, RD Sharma Solutions for Class 7 Mathematics. He was even greater as an administrator. EduRev is like a wikipedia The Mansabdars belonged to both Civil and Military department. Last revised: 5 Aug 2013, International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law. Akbar has wrongly been accused by some historians of founding a new religion. Dec 22, 2020 - Akbar – Administration and Policies Class 7 Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of Class 7. He was a descendant of the great Mongol Conquerors Chenghis Khan and Taimur Lang. Provincial administration was greatly improved under Akbar, and in this respect the Mughal period differs substantially from the sultanate. When asked to behead the enemy leader, Akbar could not do this and Bairam Khan executed Hemu on his behalf, thus establishing victory of the Mughals conclusively. Sher Shah’s successor, Sikander Shah Sur was driven out from North India to Bihar and was subsequently compelled to surrender in 1557. Akbar’s interest in the Hindu Society led to some awakening regarding the evils of the Sati practice etc. Akbar sought out to end Afghan sovereignties that might be claimant for the throne in Delhi. 5, No. Perhaps, the most abhorred was the Akbar’s promulgation in 1582 of the Din-i Ilahi (The Divine Faith). Due to Akbar’s ambition for mutual tolerance among different faiths, Hindu pandits, Parsis, Jains, and Jesuits, among Muslim scholars, were invited to the religious discussions at the Ibadat Khana. It persisted till the reign of Aurangzeb with minor changes. During the early years of his rule, he made several experiments in this field but didn’t get much success. Being fond of literature, he extended support to literature in several languages. Ten was the lowest rank and the ten thousand the highest. You can see some Akbar – Administration and Policies Class 7 Notes | EduRev sample questions with examples at the bottom of this page. In order to achieve efficiency in administration, the kingdom was divided into provinces, districts and cities. 27. The Rajputs ruler of Amber, Raja Bharmal was the first one to establish friendly relation with Akbar in 1562. The document Akbar – Administration and Policies Class 7 Notes | EduRev is a part of. The boundaries of the provincial units were more definitely fixed; and a uniform administrative pattern, with minor modifications to suit local conditions, was developed for all parts of the empire. Muqaddam was the headman of the village. This is Journal of Social Sciences, Vol. The Ain-i-Akbari refers to village administration during the reign of Akbar. Needed a Document for akhbars policies? He was driven away from India for a period of more than ten years, but then he returned to power in 1555. This page was processed by aws-apollo5 in 0.147 seconds, Using these links will ensure access to this page indefinitely. He extended his power and influence over the entire country due to his military, political, cultural, and economic dominance. In fact, Akbar formulated religious policies which not only caused uproars in the circles of orthodox Muslims, but his Muslim subjects considered him as an apostate to Islam. The Mansabdari system was introduced by Akbar and as a system and. The main findings of this work are: judiciary under Akbar, Jahangir and Awrangzib was independent and was not under the control of Kings. A cultivated area where crops grew well was measured and taxed through fixed rates based on the area's crop and productivity. The Mughal administration was a mixture of Indian and non-Indian (foreign) elements. Bairam Khan led the Mughal army from the back and placed skilled generals on the front, left and right flanks. Mansabdari System. Open PDF in Browser. This policy of religious tolerance was basically aimed at proper functioning of political and administrative machinery of the Empire. It also analyses some of the judicial reforms in the reign of Nuriddin Muhammad Jahangir (d.1037/1627). The wide and sweeping conquests of Mughal emperor Akbar are an eloquent testimony to his extraordinary military talents. In 1560, Akbar appointed Abdul Majeed Khan as his Diwan (Finance Minister). Administration of BSL and the Special Administrators’ Proposals for the Special Administration of BACSL PwC PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP the Regulations The Investment Bank Special Administration Regulations 2011 RPS Redundancy Payments Service, part of the Insolvency Service, which is an executive agency sponsored by the Department of Business, Innovation and skills, and which … Akbar thought of subjugating the entire of Odisha, Bihar and Bengal to his kingdom. He reigned from 1556 to 1605 and extended Mughal power over most of the Indian subcontinent. Abul Fazl says that in order to soothe the mind of the zamidars, he entered into matrimonial relation with them. To unify the vast Mughal state, Akbar established a centralised system of administration throughout his empire and adopted a policy of conciliating conquered rulers through marriage and diplomacy. The Mughal soldiers pursued Hemu, captured him and brought him before Akbar. out Class 7 lecture & lessons summary in the same course for Class 7 Syllabus. Journal of Social Sciences, Vol. 26. Succeeding his father Humayun at a critical stage, he slowly enlarged the extent of the Mughal Empire to include almost all of the Indian sub-continent. 1-19. Posted: 27 Mar 2011 Every district had a faujdar, an amalguzar, a qazi, a kotwal, a bitikchi and a khazandar. Do check out the sample questions However, the origin of Mansabdari system can be traced back to Mongols (Changez Khan). On the direction of his regent Bairam Khan, Akbar declared his intentions to reclaim his rights to the throne at Delhi. Akbar abolished the Pilgrimage tax in 1563 and Jizya in 1564 as both were based on religion discrimination. The mansabdari system, introduced by Akbar, is a standout feature of the Mughal administration. Mughal Empire - III (Administration under Akbar) : Indian History. 1-19. I must also reiterate that this system wasnt exclusively Akbar’s ‘creation’ as generally believed, it was part of an evolutionary process of administrative reforms. AKBAR 1556-1605 Akbar was 13 years old when he became emperor. The Subadar carried out both political and military functions. Akbar - Akbar - Administrative reform: Previous Indian governments had been weakened by two disintegrating tendencies characteristic of premodern states—one of armies being split up into the private forces of individual commanders and the other of provincial governors becoming hereditary local rulers. The crucial question about Akbar’s religious activity is whether he established a new religion or a new spiritual order. Though the majority of the Rajput states surrendered to Akbar, the Ranas of Mewar continued to confront even though they were defeated several times. His systematic approach … Officers were Liable to transfer. Most controversial policies of Akbar include abolition of jizya, immunity given to Hindu pandits and European Jesuits at the Ibadat Khana, prohibition of cow-slaughter, marriage reforms, discipleship, etc. The mansabdari system, introduced by Akbar, is a standout feature of the Mughal administration. The weak successors of Aurangzeb, however, could not maintain it. It goes to the credit of Akbar that the subsequent Mughal rulers followed in principle the administrative policy developed by him. The court of Akbar, an illustration from a manuscript of the Akbarnama The Ain-i-Akbari (Persian: آئینِ اکبری ‎) or the " Administration of Akbar ", is a 16th-century detailed document recording the administration of the Mughal Empire under Emperor Akbar, written by his court historian, Abu'l Fazl in the Persian language. You can also find Akbar – Administration and Policies Class 7 Notes | EduRev ppt and other Class 7 slides as well. Divided his entire empire into 12 states, but in the last time of the reign, the conquest of South India was described only after … Akbar’s reign was also noted for good governance and administration. In 1570, Muzaffar Khan in his second tenure restored back the system based on Hal-i-Hasil and improved it further. Land revenue was the major source of the income. Share: Permalink. The mansabdari system introduced by Akbar was a unique feature of the administrative system of the Mughal empire. However, many Muslims took Akbar’s Din-i Ilahi with a pinch of salt and considered that he had actually abandoned Islam. perfect preparation. The Mansabdari system was introduced by Akbar and as a system and. Raja Todar Mai, Revenue Minister of Akbar, adopted and refined the system introduced by Sher Shah. 5, No. Hemu was on an elephant when he was struck by an arrow to his eye and his elephant driver took his injured master away from the battlefield. Others were compelled to flee Delhi and neighbouring regions to seek refuge in other states. 1 (August 2012), pp. Administration during Akbar Rule When Akbar came to the throne he made it sure that his people were well taken care of. Even his controversial acts have some basis in Islamic law. Tests & Videos, you can search for the same too. The first time was in 1580 AD by Akbar. Like other Muslim monarchs, Akbar was, at least in theory, subordinate to the wishes of entire Muslim population (millat), which, in turn, was guided by the Muslim learned divines called the Ulema. Akbar – Administration and Policies Class 7 Notes | EduRev notes for Class 7 is made by best teachers who have written some of the best books of 1 (August 2012), pp. Akbar set about reforming the administration of his empire's land revenue by adopting a system that had been used by Sher Shah Suri. using search above. His hold on the throne of Delhi was short and weak. Suggested Citation: (1) 1556-1570 – Akbar became independent of the regent Bairam Khan and other members of his domestic staff. They were classified into grades, from the rank of ten to ten thousands. But the Afghan Sultan Mohammad Adil Shah of Chunar had designs on the throne of India and planned to wage war against the Mughals. Class 7. 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