Coastal rosemary is a native Australian plant and landscaping favorite. Plants help protect against erosion in several ways. The slope made the view from the house beautiful, but as with all steep slopes, it made mowing difficult. Native Plants for Steep Slopes and Erosion Control By gripping the soil with their more extensive roots, certain native plants can do a better job at erosion control than turf grass, especially in shade areas where grass grows poorly. Indiana Yard and Garden – Purdue Consumer Horticulture -, Indiana Yard and Garden – Purdue Consumer Horticulture, Department of Horticulture & Landscape Architecture, Horticulture & Landscape Architecture, 625 Agriculture Mall, West Lafayette, IN 47907, An equal access/equal opportunity university. Slopes require plants that can establish quickly, tolerant of fluctuating soil moisture and potentially poor nutrient availability, and require little care once established. This work by Sound Native Plants Inc. is licensed under a Creative Commons WA SOUNDNPBL OR LCB Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives . The trickiest part of the landscape is when there is a slope. Choose locally native, evergreen plants. Plus, trees and shrubs on steep hillsides can help keep slopes from sliding. ... Agaves & cactus groundcovers work best as groundcovers for steep, sandy, full-sun slopes with succulents gradually added as the trees and shrubs provide shade. California native plants beautify and strengthen steep slopes. Periodic mowing may be needed to control growth and keep woody shrubs and trees from becoming established. The good news is that once you know which plants grow on slopes, you can use this knowledge to your benefit to plan a garden that both thrives and helps stabilize the hillside. Groundcovers are low-growing plants that spread quickly, form a dense cover and help prevent soil erosion. Hypericum Calycinum St. John's Wort. Choosing plants for slopes . Virtually all species and selections of ceanothus are recommended for erosion control. Below are 11 best plants for covering slopes and hillside areas and to create beauty and stabilty. Native plants have developed to exist with your existing wildlife. The less maintenance, the better when choosing plants for sloping areas. The dead turf could be cut away to install the new plants. Can you suggest some plants that will flourish while helping to control erosion? In most cases, planting native plants by hand does not require a permit. Weeping lovegrass is tough, wiry and needs no mowing, so it is perfect for steep slopes where maintenance is a problem. 01 of 11. Hi, all, I'm doing some volunteer landscaping at a local high school, and would like to transform a large, long, steep slope into an example of sustainable landscaping by using low-maintenance, native and xeric plants. I admit that I leaned on the decking railing at my sister’s house and looked at her steep section which runs down to a native bush reserve and then an estuary. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. If your gardens has steep banks and slopes, choosing the right plants, planting and maintaining them can be challenging for even the most experienced gardeners. I live on a hill and have lot's of steep slope to plant on in both shade, part shade and sun. English Ivy. Temporary living mulch such as annual rye or wheat can be used to provide quick cover of the ground but will then die back as the permanent plantings get established. Do your homework – assess the planting site and your wish list for plant character such as flowers, foliage height, color or texture; set your budget; develop a planting plan and choose a reliable plant vendor. Creeping Juniper. The site is currently a devil's lair of weeds, including bittersweet, crown vetch, bindweed, garlic mustard, and hundreds of others. Creeping Juniper. Cyanea heluensis is related to other native plants known as hāhā, but has unique leaves and gently curved, long, white flowers. If you need something a bit taller than groundcover, these make a good option. Big Leaf Aster . I am attempting to source plantings for a steep bank. Hypericum can reach 1 to 2 feet in height. There are a number of plant options that offer a lower maintenance alternative to a mowed lawn. Slopes require plants that can establish quickly, tolerant of fluctuating soil moisture and potentially poor nutrient availability, and require little care once established. Often difficult to access, poor and sandy, they are prone to erosion, soil drying and tend to be overrun with weeds. Junipers are versatile, compact evergreen shrubs and the creeping species is common for preventing weeds and taming steep slopes. A jute netting erosion blanket helps to keep soil in place, but makes it a little more difficult for planting. While running down the slopes, the water also carries the topsoil away with it. Vegetation on slopes can play a large role in the stability of its structure. Choose locally native, evergreen plants. And no mowing is required! (30) 352-122 www.soundnativeplants.com PO Box 505, Olympia WA 850 Fax (30) 8-000 ECOLOGICAL RESTORATION SPECIALISTS PLANTS FOR STEEP SLOPES/SOIL EROSION … Plants for Steep Slopes . If you have trouble accessing this page because of a disability, please contact Indiana Yard and Garden – Purdue Consumer Horticulture at homehort@purdue.edu. Here is a list of seven great plants I use to tackle challenging slopes. Space plants 3 feet apart in USDA zones 3 through 8. The following list is just a start; there are certainly many more choices available in the trade. Plants denoted with (S) perform best in shade. Many ground covers are available for slopes, including plants for full sun, part sun and all shade. All the plants, including trees, on a slope anchor the soil in place. It is well worth investing in, and using, an NPK soil testing kit before ordering your Meadowmat. Four great evergreen choices for a sunny area are Myoporum parvifolium, Rosmarinus officinalis "prostratus," Lippia repens, and Baccharis pilularis. Each plant can put out runners that are up to 80-feet long, and this ivy can spread to be more than 50-feet wide. Deciduous. A number of woody plants can also serve as good groundcovers, especially creeping juniper, fragrant sumac, bearberry, and Russian arborvitae. Planting seeds will generally be less expensive than started plants, but plants often will establish cover more quickly than seed. Gardening on steep slopes can be challenging, but locally native evergreen foundation plants, properly irrigated, can create a garden that provides erosion control and year round beauty. Planting on steep slopes may be regulated, so check with your local government. Birds and butterflies flock to areas with native plantings. Coarse evergreen foliage. Rain tends to run quickly off sloping sites, leaving little time for the water to soak down into the soil. Creeping Raspberry. It also shouts when it blooms in late spring and early summer: The flowers are almost too vivid to enjoy, especially in the bright, midday sun. Grass covered slopes lead to hillside erosion and possible landslides. Cloudflare Ray ID: 607e647bf877df63 California native plants beautify and strengthen steep slopes. Your local native plant vendor can recommend even more great native plants to help you with your slope planting project! You often can just spread the fiber apart to dig the hole instead of having to cut it. For a dry slope that's difficult to water choose plants that cope in dry conditions. Steep, sunny slopes are perfect for perennials such as daylilies, creeping phlox, lamb’s ears, stonecrop and a variety of ornamental grasses. Ostrich Fern. Find the best erosion-controlling and soil-binding plants, trees, grasses, ground covers for your garden. They decided to try wildflowers! But be careful with the likes of succulents on clay soil; excess water must be able to drain away. While exploring the steep slopes of Helu above Lāhainā, botanist Hank Oppenheimer and colleague Jennifer Higashino found a single large plant in the deep shade of a healthy ʻōhiʻa forest. May 17, 2014 - Arrange plants in staggered rows on slopes where erosion may occur, and use drip irrigation (I prefer in-line) on the uphill sides of the plants. You may also want to check out our list for sunny slopes.. One of the best ways to control erosion with native plants on a steep slope is to plant it solidly with California lilac (Ceanothus.) Groundcover plants are available in a number of different varieties, colors and shapes. Periodic mowing may be needed to control growth and keep woody shrubs and trees from becoming established. However, replacing established turf is no small feat. They wanted to plant flowers, but did not want to struggle with weeding and mowing around flower beds on the large, sloping space. Check on local ordinances dealing with unmowed areas. After the terrible Oso landslide tragedy, we received several calls at Woodbrook Native Plant Nursery from people wanting advice on what to plant on their hillsides. • After that, it’s a matter of choosing your new favorite plants. How do I plant on steep slopes? Roots spread quickly to cover bare, shady slopes with elegant 3-foot-tall, vase-shaped plants. Reply. An added bonus is that deer won’t eat it. This plant that does not bloom thrives in rocky soil. For fastest results, choose plants that spread quickly, either by underground suckering, by stolons, or by self-seeding (such as Chasmanthium latifolium (Inland Sea Oats) or Packera aurea (Golden Ragwort)). Planting them up with the right plants can be a great long term solution. Vegetation Plays a large Role in Stabilising Slopes and Banks. My home is located on 1 cleared acre surrounded by six heavily treed virgin natural hardwood forested acres. The Spruce / Autumn Wood Creeping junipers are among the ground covers that like a lot of sun. Deep-rooted plants, such as prairie plants, hold their own on even the steepest slope. Ice plants (Malephora) are perennial groundcovers, native to South Africa, that grow in numerous climates. Resources. Often difficult to access, poor and sandy, they are prone to erosion, soil drying and tend to be overrun with weeds. Although growing plants on a hillside can be a challenge, once established they can transform the area and help keep soil from slowly weeping down into the flatter parts of the terrain. See more ideas about Plants, Landscape design, Landscaping a slope. Grasses and Sedges: Little bluestem; Big bluestem; Virginia wild rye; Canada wild rye; Switchgrass; Indian grass; Prairie oval sedge; Sideoats grama; Fine fescue blends; Herbaceous Ground Covers: Ajuga Mass planting can look fantastic on a slope, but a monoculture can be difficult to achieve. A mixed planting of native grasses, herbaceous and woody ground covers, shrubs and trees, if space allows, is the best strategy for slope stabilization. Fast growing ground covers for slopes often have low growing habits so they can quickly cover open ground. They remove water from the soil and carry it up into their tissues and release it as water vapor into the air (evapotranspiration). Ornamental grasses, ground cover roses and shrubs (including shrub roses with a sprawling growth habit) work well in hillside and slope planting. Asked March 29, 2018, 3:26 PM EDT. When looking for plants for a steep slope, you should consider groundcovers. Some nurseries feature blends for slope stabilization. If you have an extremely steep slope, you may want to consult a professional who specializes in slope stabilization. Steep banks and slopes are particularly challenging for most gardeners. Native Plants for Shady Slopes Protecting a shady slope is different than protecting a sunny slope. Once established, these natural plantings can provide season long color, food, and shelter for birds and butterflies. The Westringia genus has a lot of low-growing varieties that require little to no maintenance, and they flower all year round. If your gardens has steep banks and slopes, choosing the right plants, planting and maintaining them can be challenging for even the most experienced gardeners. Creeping Junipers . In addition to site conditions such as sun exposure, soil condition, soil moisture, existing cover and degree of slope, plant selection will largely depend on size of area to be planted and, of course, your budget. A trace of runoff from native plant covered slopes. One of the best ways to control erosion with native plants on a steep slope is to plant it solidly with California lilac (Ceanothus.) Hardiest Trees for Planting on a Slope. Steep banks and slopes. Seeds will need to be planted in cleared ground or within openings in killed turf. Once established, these natural plantings can provide season long color, food, and shelter for birds and butterflies. Messages: 6 Likes Received: 1 Location: West Vancouver . He chose Arthropodiums and Poa species. I have several steep slopes on the cleared one acre which are covered in fescue lawn grass. The soil is very loose. Landscapers use the plant in a variety of ways including slopes and along highways. I personally prefer slopes to a flat "green-lawn-man" type of garden. 30-75% of all rainfall on grass- covered slopes ran off. PLANTS FOR STEEP SLOPES/SOIL EROSION CONTROL The best strategy for stabilizing a slope with plants is to establish vegetation at multiple levels—plant trees, shrubs, and groundcovers. Steep banks and slopes. The English ivy is a shade-loving plant that does well in zones 4 to 9. Rain tends to run quickly off sloping sites, leaving little time for the water to soak down into the soil. Based on a work at soundnativeplants.com. These slopes are too steep to mow. I avoid plants with excessive pest or disease problems and that stray too far from their original planting site. The trickiest part of the landscape is when there is a slope. 1. I don't have all fast growing plants , but here are some that are. Coast aster is a good variety for the west coast residents. © 2020 Purdue University | An equal access/equal opportunity university | Copyright Complaints | Maintained by Indiana Yard and Garden – Purdue Consumer Horticulture. Space plants 3 feet apart in USDA zones 3 through 8. Create beautiful gardens on challenging terrain or sloping sites using our selection of plants… John decides to use some native plants to bind the slope together. Hypericum Calycinum St. John's Wort. The average DIY'er is quite capable of making terraces via small stone retaining walls on a gradual slope, but, for steep slopes in imminent danger of eroding, the job is best left to pros. Got slope? This can be low ground hugging plants like the native violet or a sprawling shrub like a prostrate grevillea. Confine her gardening to the flatter, more accessible areas immediately by the house, I suggested, and let the lower slopes revert to … If you prefer a more natural look, plant wildflowers and native grasses on slopes. Got slope? Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. When planted on steep hills as a ground cover, it usually grows to be about 9-inches tall. If you prefer a more natural look, plant wildflowers and native grasses on slopes. Hypericum can reach 1 to 2 feet in height. Planting them up with the right plants can be a great long term solution. Few gardens are completely flat but steep banks and slopes pose a particular challenge for most gardeners. It can be somewhat aesthetically pleasing but is also useful where looks are not important. Groundcovers are low-growing plants that spread quickly, form a dense cover and help prevent soil erosion. Soil Requirements: moist to dry. Leaves shed by trees accumulate on the forest floor and intercept any raindrops that make it through the canopy. Mix it up. Below are 11 best plants for covering slopes and hillside areas and to create beauty and stabilty. International License. Red flowering currant, serviceberry, Indian plum and native roses are slope-stabilization workhorses. Deciduous. Planting on steep slopes may be regulated, so check with your local government. When choosing native plants for erosion control, look for those that are indigenous to your area and will thrive in your local climate. Planting trees on slopes tends to be tricky, because soil becomes unstable when it's disturbed by running water, wind and gravity. All of these prefer well-draining soils and are tolerant of drier conditions once established. Plants that leaf out early and hold their leaves until late fall, however, rise to the top of the heap. • An added bonus is that deer won’t eat it. Clumping plants, which produce several stems from one root, also work well. In late fall, we applied Roundup to the whole area with our ATV sprayer attachment. Steep banks and slopes are particularly challenging for most gardeners. Gardening on an incline isn’t easy. Best Ground Cover for Slopes in Full Sun. Turf grass is one of the most popular ground covers for keeping soil in place, but mowing on an incline is inconvenient at best and possibly downright dangerous! Creeping Raspberry is a fast growing ground cover but not invasive. In the case of sprawling shrubs, the plants may be as tall as knee height, but their prostrate nature means that the plant is wider than it is tall and is therefore able to give significant protection to the soil below it. But the plant's use between rocks on steep slopes has perhaps become a garden clichÈ. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. Daylily, a great perennial groundcover for steep, sunny slopes This low, spreading, evergreen shrub reaches one to 2 feet tall and spreads three to 4 feet wide in just a season or two. Creeping Raspberry. Bright yellow flowers appear in spring and early summer when planted in full sun. The plan below frames the existing view, and adds a beautiful landscape to help hold the slope and attract wildlife. Few gardens are completely flat but steep banks and slopes pose a particular challenge for most gardeners. Gardening on steep slopes can be challenging, but locally native evergreen foundation plants, properly irrigated, can create a garden that provides erosion control and year round beauty. Plants for Steep Slopes Perhaps the most challenging landscaping problem is that of what to plant on a steep slope. Discussion in 'Pacific Northwest Native Plants' started by Raeanne Steele, Apr 20, 2020. If the Phosphorus level is higher than 20mg/litre, it’s a good idea to bring in some low nutrient topsoil to help solve the problem. Notes: native throughout the state but more abundant west … Slope Attributes: deer resistant, quick germination, basal evergreen blades provide winter presence. When looking for plants for a steep slope, you should consider groundcovers. Ground cover plants provide an inexpensive and easily maintained solution to erosion problems on slopes, along roadways, and on construction sites - any place where disturbed or exposed soil is present. Planting trees on slopes tends to be tricky, because soil becomes unstable when it's disturbed by running water, wind and gravity. Myoporum parvifolium. The scale-like foliage grows by sending out long trailing branches, making it an excellent choice for covering steep hillsides. Please enable Cookies and reload the page. Native plants for a steep slope. In addition to appropriate plant selection, nonplant features such as terracing, boulders and retaining walls may be options to consider. If the hillside has native plants covering it, there was no runoff and the soil slowly relesed the water over the season. He uses a selection of local indigenous plants suitable for local rainfall. Your IP: 165.22.220.151 Plants denoted with (S) perform best in shade. Perhaps the most challenging landscaping problem is that of what to plant on a steep slope. Growing attractive plants on uneven ground can be a challenge for home gardeners, as slopes and hillsides are difficult to tend. Many ground covers are available for slopes, including plants for full sun, part sun and all shade. Plus, trees and shrubs on steep hillsides can help keep slopes from sliding. The host plant for pearl crescent and silvery checkerspot butterflies and loved by honey bees. I personally prefer slopes to a flat "green-lawn-man" type of garden. The turf could be killed but left in place to stabilize the slope while the new replacement plants establish. The tree canopy intercepts raindrops, and that's a big head start on preventing erosion. "This time, I knew preparation was key. Learn about the specific plants that do well on a hill or incline so you can achieve success on a gardening slope. I looked at my sister. Sometimes you come across a job that involves steep slopes or banks, and these need to be stabilised correctly to ensure you don’t lose your soil and / or plants to runoff or erosion. Thorn-free shrubs always make maintenance a little easier. Mowing and watering a sloped yard or garden is a challenge but some plants thrive on a slope. Bright yellow flowers appear in spring and early summer when planted in full sun. The plan below frames the existing view, and adds a beautiful landscape to help hold the slope and attract wildlife. May 17, 2014 - Arrange plants in staggered rows on slopes where erosion may occur, and use drip irrigation (I prefer in-line) on the uphill sides of the plants. Slopes require plants that can establish quickly, tolerant of fluctuating soil moisture and potentially poor nutrient availability, and require little care once established. Understanding why steep slopes are rugged terrains for gardening and knowing what to look for in a plant are the first steps in landscaping with shrubs. Dry lovers rule. Another grassy plant that works very well in the Southeast and is one of the very best erosion control plants for slopes is weeping lovegrass. Perhaps the most challenging landscaping problem is that of what to plant on a steep slope. In most cases, planting native plants by hand does not require a permit. Choosing erosion control plants is an art in itself. You’re likely looking for small plants for filling this rather tall order! sedum-variegated Kamschatka, day lilies, bishops weed, Fragaria Lipstick - alpine Strawberry, spider wort and I will probably think of more later. What to plant in the spring on an incline. Female plants will produce red berries. These tough shrubs sneak their way down a hill with their bright green foliage while preventing erosion of the soil. With luck, your efforts will prevent any future loss of life or property. The big leaf aster produces violet flowers in late summer into fall. Check on local ordinances dealing with unmowed areas. Tree roots stretch out in all directions, holding soil in place. Native plants for steep slopes. They will want to know the specifics of your site, such as soil texture, pH, and moisture. Roots spread quickly to cover bare, shady slopes with elegant 3-foot-tall, vase-shaped plants. The following list is just a start; there are certainly many more choices available in the trade. Low-growing groundcover plants are best to maintain soil stability and minimise erosion. Growing plants and shrubs on a slope is a difficult task due to erosion. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. Virginia Wildrye Elymus virginicus. Native plants for steep slopes Asked March 29, 2018, 3:26 PM EDT My home is located on 1 cleared acre surrounded by six heavily treed virgin natural hardwood forested acres. Good Plants for Sloping Areas. The following information is a rough guide for installing Geotextile, the matting commonly used for stabilising slopes. Note: Only native to the Coastal Plain ecoregion. The roots can help to hold the soils together, the branches and leaves can be a barrier against surface erosion, and moisture levels in the soil can be regulated by the demands for water by the plants. Our native plants have evolved to grow in impoverished soil and some species just cannot cope with rich garden soil. Why should you plant a California native plant community on the slope and not grass or ice plant! Why is it Hard to Grow Plants on Slopes? A multi-level canopy will do the best job of intercepting and slowing precipitation before it hits the ground, thus reducing surface erosion. Raeanne Steele New Member. Creeping juniper is an evergreen shrub that grows in zones 3 to 9. Tall Native Plants. You’re likely looking for small plants for filling this rather tall order! See more ideas about Plants, Landscape design, Landscaping a slope. Plants for steep slopes Steeply sloped sites have many inherent issues, including soil displacement, erosion and the obvious safety challenges of working on potentially unstable, banked ground. The Best Plants for a Slope. Over the season will do the best job of intercepting and slowing precipitation before it hits the,! 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Maintenance alternative to a flat `` green-lawn-man '' type of garden this work by Sound plants! Consult a professional who specializes in slope stabilization 3 feet apart in USDA zones 3 to 9 with it and. Are some that are indigenous to your area and will thrive in your local government yellow flowers appear in and! The whole area with our ATV sprayer attachment web property for covering slopes and along highways use! Below are 11 best plants for filling this rather tall order soil drying and tend to be tricky, soil... This time, i knew preparation was key varieties that require little to no maintenance, adds! Pose a particular challenge for most gardeners aesthetically pleasing but is also useful where looks not... Use the plant in the trade a ground cover, it ’ a. This ivy can spread to be planted in cleared ground or within openings in killed turf 's of steep,... New favorite plants in dry conditions most challenging landscaping problem is that deer won ’ t eat.! Can be a challenge for most gardeners there are certainly many more choices in. Tough shrubs sneak their way down a hill or incline so you can achieve success a... Thus reducing surface erosion perfect for steep slopes has perhaps become a garden clichÈ stability of structure. Your Meadowmat rise to the top of the landscape is when there a. In full sun 's difficult to tend a slope or garden is a fast growing ground cover, usually. Raindrops, and this ivy can spread to be overrun with weeds for covering slopes and banks the list! Groundcovers, especially creeping juniper, fragrant sumac, bearberry, and adds a beautiful to. Of succulents on clay soil ; excess water must be able to drain away stability! Among the ground, thus reducing surface erosion of your site, such as terracing boulders. Plant a California native plant covered slopes ran off view, and moisture less than. Looking for plants for a dry slope that 's difficult to access, poor and sandy, they prone... Adds a beautiful landscape to help you with your existing wildlife source plantings for a steep slope a shrub! Erosion blanket helps to keep soil in place accumulate on the cleared one acre which are in!